Electronic communications compliance has become more important for hedge fund managers in recent years as the amount of business done electronically and the amount of regulatory focus on electronic communications compliance have grown significantly. At the same time, compliance professionals have struggled to keep up with ever-changing circumstances that make electronic communications compliance, including the capture and archiving of electronic communications, even more difficult. In May 2011, Smarsh, Inc. published a report (Report) that detailed the findings of a survey of compliance professionals at various types of financial institutions, including investment advisers and broker-dealers, designed to identify trends in and opinions about electronic communications compliance. The survey comprised 29 questions which were asked of 223 individuals with direct compliance supervisory responsibilities, including C-level management personnel, chief compliance officers and compliance staff members. This article summarizes some of the key findings of the Report and lessons for hedge fund managers. See also “Does Social Media Have a Place in the Hedge Fund Industry?,” above, in this issue of the Hedge Fund Law Report.